Tax on property income in Turkey
August 24, 2016
Effective Tax Rate on Rental Income
|Click here to see a worked example|
Global Property Guide
Nonresidents are liable to pay tax on their Turkish-sourced income. Married couples are taxed separately on all sources of income.
Income from all sources are aggregated and taxed at progressive rates.
INCOME TAX 2015 - OTHER INCOME
|TAXABLE INCOME, YTL (€)||TAX RATE|
|Up to 12,600 (€4,600)||15%|
|10,700 - 30,000 (€10,000)||20% on band over €4,600|
|30,000 - 69,000 (€23,000)||27% on band over €10,000|
|Over 69,000 (€23,000)||35% on all income over €23,000|
|Source: Global Property Guide|
Net rental income earned by individuals is subject to income tax at progressive rates. However if the property is let out as a residence, acertain threshold amountis exempt from taxation.
Net rental income can be determined either through the actual deduction method or lump sum method.
- The actual deduction method deducts real expenses (inc. lighting, heating, water expenses; administrative expenses, insurance expenditures; tax and duties; interest expenses; depreciation costs and repair expenditures) from the gross rental income. 5% of the acquisition cost is also deductible within five years for income arising from the lease of buildings.
- The lump sum method allows taxpayers to deduct 25% of their gross income to arrive at the taxable income. Once the taxpayer has chosen to use the lump sum method, he may not revert to the deduction of actual expense until after two years.
Capital gains from the sale of immovable property are exempt from income tax provided that the holding period is longer than five years (four years if the property was acquired before 01 January 2007).
For properties owned less than five years (four years if the property was acquired before 01 January 2007), normal income tax rates apply. Taxable gains are computed by deducting the acquisition costs (subject to inflation adjustment) from the selling price.
VALUE ADDED TAX (VAT)
Leasing real estate properties in Turkey are not subject to VAT.
No VAT is chargeable on the sale of real estate by individuals who are not estate agents, except in the case of houses with a total surface area above 150 sq. mt., which are subject to 1% VAT.
Real Estate Tax
Real estate tax is a municipal tax levied on the value of Turkish real property (land and buildings). The applicable tax rate varies depending on the classification of the property.
Residential premises and land are taxed at 0.1% of their value. The tax rate is 0.1% for land in general, 0.2% for buildings, and 0.3% for building sites or vacant land allocated for construction purposes.
Income and capital gains earned by companies are taxed at the standard corporate tax rate of 20%. Income-generating expenses are deductible from the gross income.