Tax on property income in Peru
November 17, 2017
Effective Tax Rate on Rental Income
|Click here to see a worked sample|
Nonresidents are taxed only on their Peruvian-sourced income. Married couples are taxed separately.
INCOME TAX (Impuesto a la Renta)
Taxable income is classified into five categories, according to the nature of income. Rules in computing taxable income depend on the income classification.
- First category: income from letting property
- Second category: investment income (capital investments, dividends and royalties)
- Third category: business income from a sole proprietorship and other income not specifically included in another category
- Fourth category: income from independent professional services
- Fifth category: employment income
Nonresidents are taxed at a flat rate of 30%. An official established tax unit (Unidad Impositiva Tributaria or UIT) is used to determine the tax liability. The UIT is a benchmark figure established to maintain the taxes, deductions, etc. at constant proportions to income. The UIT value for 2016 is PEN3,950 (US$1,162). The UIT value for 2017 is PEN4,050 (US$1,191).
Rental income earned by nonresidents is subject to a 30% flat rate. Nonresidents are not entitled to any deductions.
The annual rent from leased property in general may not be less than 6% of the value of the property established for the purposes of local taxes.
VALUE ADDED TAX (Impuesto General a las Ventas)
Generally, leasing properties in Peru is liable to VAT at 18%. However, if the leasing of property is not effectively connected with a trade or business, the lease transaction is then not liable to this tax.
Capital gains earned by nonresidents from selling Peruvian property, considered as investment income, are taxed at a flat rate of 30%. The taxable gain is computed by deducting the invested capital (acquisition and improvement costs) from the gross selling price or market value of the property. These costs can only be deducted upon approval of the tax authorities.
MUNICIPAL SALES TAX (Impuesto de Promoción Municipal)The rules regarding transactions subject to VAT also apply to municipal sales tax which is levied at a flat 2% rate.
Real Estate Tax (Impuesto Predial)
Real estate tax is levied on the cadastral value of the real estate, as assessed by the government, at progressive rates. The property owner is liable to pay this tax annually.
An official established tax unit (Unidad Impositiva Tributaria or UIT) is used to determine the tax liability. The UIT is a benchmark figure established to maintain the taxes, deductions, etc. at constant proportions to income. The UIT value for 2016 is PEN3,950 (US$1,162). The UIT value for 2017 is PEN4,050 (US$1,191).
REAL ESTATE TAX
|TAX BASE, UIT (US$)||TAX RATE|
|Up to 15 UIT||0.2%|
|15 UIT - 60 UIT||0.6% on band over 15 UIT|
|Over 60 UIT||1.0% on band over 60 UIT|
REAL ESTATE TAX 2017
|TAX BASE, PEN (US$)||TAX RATE|
|Up to 60,750 (US$17,868)||0.2%|
|60,750 – 243,000 (US$71,471)||0.6% on band over US$17,868|
|Over 243,000 (US$71,471)||1.0% on band over US$71,471|
REAL ESTATE TAX 2016
|TAX BASE, PEN (US$)||TAX RATE|
|Up to 59,250 (US$17,427)||0.2%|
|57,750 – 237,000 (US$69,706)||0.6% on band over US$17,427|
|Over 237,000 (US$69,706)||1.0% on band over US$69,706|
Real estate tax is deductible for business income tax purposes.
Net Worth Tax
Net worth tax is levied at 0.4% on the net assets of entrepreneurs exceeding PEN1 million (US$317,460). This tax may be credited against business income tax liability.