The administrative district of Prague 1 (a prime area) is a second-tier municipality of Prague. It is also the most prestigious neighbourhood in the city, with real estate commanding high prices.
Prague 1 is the medieval heart of the city, particularly Staré Město, the city’s Old Town. This historic quarter of old churches and mansions in the Renaissance, Romanesque, Gothic and Baroque styles, quaint shops and sidewalk cafés is a treat to walk through. The impressive Prague Orloj, a medieval astronomical clock, presides over the town square.
South of the Old Town is the newer čand bigger Nové Město, or New Town. Its Wenceslas Square is a vibrant entertainment and recreational hub, with hotels, bars, clubs, restaurants and shops.
Josefov is Prague’s Jewish Quarter. Created in the 13th century when the city’s Jews were ordered to move to one area, it now has the best-preserved group of historical Jewish buildings and monuments in Europe. These include six synagogues, among them the 13th century Old-New Synagogue on Maiselova Street, the world’s oldest synagogue still in use; the Jewish Town Hall and the Old Jewish Cemetery. Some newer buildings in the quarter were built in the Neo-Classical and Art Nouveau styles. For shopaholics, Parizka is Prague’s most glamorous shopping street.
Prague Castle overlooks the city and the Vltava River. One of the biggest castles in the world, it was the seat of the Kings of Bohemia, the Holy Roman Emperors, and the presidents of Czechoslovakia. It is currently the official residence of the President of the Czech Republic. There are palaces, churches, towers and halls within the castle, including St Vitus’ Cathedral, the seat of the Archbishop of Prague. Museums and the Bohemian art collection of the National Gallery in Prague are also inside the royal complex.
Surrounding the castle below is Malá Strana, or the Little Quarter. Many old and important buildings are here, including the Czech Parliament. The Vltava River flows past it in the west. In this romantic little community, narrow cobblestone streets wind up the hill to Prague Castle. Not too far from the castle is Charles Bridge.
Hradčany was once a part of the Prague Castle grounds. It is now a quaint neighbourhood surrounding the castle and overlooking Malá Strana.