It is one of Rio’s oldest districts. It was established in the 17th century in the valley along the margins of the Carioca River. Rio de Janeiro’s state government holds office here in the Palácio Guanabara. Notable attractions of the borough include the Laranjeiras Stadium of Fluminense Football Club, the Palácio Laranjeiras, and the Parque Guinle.
Near Laranjeiras is Cosme Velho, a small borough with neocolonial houses built from materials rescued from demolished older buildings in the city’s centre. These charming reconstructions of 19th century architecture were constructed in the Largo do Boticário. Trains on Cosme Velho’s Estrada de Ferro do Corcovado railway convey commuters to Corcovado’s peak and the statue of Cristo Redentor.